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Chautauqua County Historical Society - Member Activities - Chautauqua County - New York - USA

Traces of the Holland Land Company Survey
of Western New York State

Chautauqua County, New York, USA


From 1798 to 1800, Joseph Ellicott and his team surveyed the holdings of the Holland Land Company in Western New York State. He used permanent stone marks set up along the boundaries of the Company lands, the Indian reservations, and the lines of townships. Where the land and its various features permitted, counties were divided into townships measuring 6 miles by 6 miles. The townships were further divided into 64 lots (8 by 8)(from Joseph Ellicott and the Holland Land Company by William Chazanof).
Holland Land Company
I would like to say that this is one of the original markers that has remained in place in Chautauqua County for over 200 years but there is still some research to be done! The four faces of this stone are carved with Roman numerals marking the meeting point of four lots. Look closely at the picture to see the roman numeral lot numbers XIX and XXV. Also note the cross mark on top of the stone indicating the "exact" point where the four lots come together. (Special thanks to Mark Schlemmer, Bemus Point, NY for his assistance in finding this).

Holland Land Company
Here's another one, still in place in Chautauqua County!

Holland Land Company
Here's a closeup of the monument above. For this one, they used the modern Arabic numerals.
(Special thanks to Mark Schlemmer, Bemus Point, NY for his assistance in finding this).


Holland Land Company
I have permission to give out information on how to visit this one... Contact the museum for more information!
It stands about 3' high and has lot info on two sides with two sides blank.
(Special thanks to Mickey Sorenson, Surveyor, Jamestown, NY for his assistance in finding this).


Holland Land Company
P.B. Lot No 18


Holland Land Company
J.A. No 15




In the 1880's the New York State / Pennsylvania boundary was re-marked. Most of the original stones from the earlier survey had to be replaced with the new monuments. Follow this Google Book Link to get the details on these monuments pictured here, that were found with the help of local surveyor Mickey Sorenson.


Holland Land Company
Cataraugus County - Chautauqua County corner monument on the New York State Pennsylvania border.


Holland Land Company
Monument on the New York State Pennsylvania border.


Holland Land Company
Mile marker 190 monument on the New York State Pennsylvania border.


Holland Land Company
Highway monument on the New York State Pennsylvania border.

Member Page submitted by Bob Johnston.


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from the McClurg Museum - Westfield, New York
©2007 - Chautauqua County Historical Society, Westfield, NY